A Holter monitor is a portable device operated by a battery that measures and records your heart’sactivity (ECG) continuously for 24 to 48 hours. The device comes in a size of a little camera. It has cableswith coin-sized electrodes that are attached to thepatient skin. The Holter monitor and other devicesthat record ECG as you go about your daily activities are also called ambulatory electrocardiograms.The patient is asked to wear a Holter monitor to see if he has a slow, fast or irregular heartbeat. this testis often advised if a dvised if a person comes to the doctor office with the complaint of palpitations. The physician can also use it to observe the effect of current medications on the heart. If a person with a permanent pacemaker feels dizzy, the Holter monitor can be used to find out if the device is working properly. Thismonitor does not cause any adverse effects and wearing it
isn’t painful.The results of a Holter monitoring report will help the doctor to decide if the patient needs additional tests or medications, or if he needs a pacemaker or cardioversion procedure to restore natural heartrhythm.
Digital Echocardiography & Colour Doppler
An echocardiogram also called a cardiac echo examination or a transthoracic echo (TTE) is a non-invasive ultrasound imaging test done to visualize the movement of the heart. In particular, an echo is considered the best way to observe the movement and function of the muscles and valves of the heart.
The patient needs a cardiac echo if he is suffering from coronary artery disease, heart valve disorder, heart rhythm irregularities, or disease of the cardiac muscles such as hypertrophic or dilated cardiomyopathy
If a patient has symptoms of chest pain, sweating, shortness of breath, fatigue, or fainting, he may need a cardiac echo, especially if an electrocardiogram (ECG) suggests an abnormality.
Echocardiography machine emits sound waves during the test, which bounces off your heart and creates a moving image of it on the main screen. This enables the physician to look at the structure of the heart from many different viewpoints
Patient does not need any special preparation or investigations before an Echocardiography examination.
An electrocardiogram (ECG) Is a diagnostic test that detects heart problems by assessing the electricalactivity generated by the heart as it contracts. ECGs from healthy hearts have a characteristic form and pattern.
If the ECG shows an abnormality, it could indicate heart trouble. A physician may prescribe an ECG for people who may be at risk of heart disease because there is a family history of heart disease, or because they are smokers, obese or diabetic.A
doctormay also recommend an ECG for people who complain of chest discomfort, breathing difficulty, dizziness, fainting, or
fast or irregular beat. The ECGis a safe and non-invasive procedure with no known risks.
Computerized Treadmill Test (TMT)
A Treadmill Test (also recognized as a cardiac exercise test) is an OPD test used to evaluate the heart’s response to physical exertion in a controlled setting. Usually performed on a treadmill or a stationary cycle, the test is useful in diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD), a condition often missed when a person is at ease.
What’s the goal of the test?
The cardiac stress test is used to assess the state of your cardiovascular system, which includes both your heart and blood vessels. It does so by comparing your circulation at rest with the same dimensions taken at maximum effort. While the main aim of the test is to detect abnormalities suggestive of CAD, it can also be used to monitor the health of people with other forms of a heart condition.
Aims of the Test
CAD occurs when the surface of a coronary artery (an artery that feeds the heart) Begin to harden, stiffen, and accumulate plaque. This contributes to a disease known as atherosclerosis. Over time, the blockage can hinder blood flow and may finally contribute to a heart attack or stroke.
The complexity with CAD is that, even with a partial blockage, the heart may still receive an adequate supply of blood while at rest. It is only when the heart is placed under physical strain the effects of the blockage may be felt and seen.
In addition to diagnosing CAD, a stress test can frequently tell us how significant the blockages are (referred to as a functional capacity evaluation). For example, if symptoms of ischemia occur with little exercise, the blockage is likely significant and in need of proactive treatment. symptoms seen at higher levels of exercise are usually less significant and may change the approach to treatment.
While the cardiac stress test is a comparatively harmless and controlled procedure, it may pose risks to people with complex heart disease, including fainting, chest pains (angina), abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia), and heart attack. The general risk of the test is considered low if your doctor designs the test appropriate for you.
Executive Cardiac Checkup